Saturday 6 March 2021

Monastery of the Holy Trinity (Walsh)

From Walsh's History of the Irish HierarchyWith the Monasteries of Each County, Biographical Notices of the Irish Saints, Prelates, and Religious, 1854, c. xliv p. 427-8

Monastery of the Holy Trinity was founded about the year 1259 for Augustinian friars by a member of the Talbot family and on the site of the street now called Crow street. This convent was a general college for the brethren of that institute in Ireland. 

AD 1309 Roger was prior and a witness against the knights Templar 
AD 1359 John Babe was prior and vicar general of his order. 

In the thirty fourth of Henry VIII it was granted together with ten houses three orchards and ten gardens in the parish of St Andrew, four acres and a park of six acres near College green, two houses and gardens in Patrick street, three houses and three gardens in the parish of St Michan, and ninety three acres in Tobberboyne, to Walter Tyrrel forever at the annual rent of six shillings Irish.

The friary of St Saviour (Walsh)

From Walsh's History of the Irish HierarchyWith the Monasteries of Each County, Biographical Notices of the Irish Saints, Prelates, and Religious, 1854, c. xliv p. 426-7

The friary of St. Saviour on the north bank of the river Liffey, near the old bridge and now called king's inns. This house was founded between the years 1202 and 1218 by William Mareschall the elder, earl of Pembroke, for the health of his soul and that of his wife. Albinus, bishop of Ferns who exposed the infamies of English ecclesiastics at the synod held in Christ church under John Comyn and Hugh bishop of Ossory being the witnesses of the charter. This house was founded for Cistercians, but the Dominicans coming into Ireland AD 1224, the monks of St Mary's gave it to accommodate them on condition that they should yearly on the feast of the nativity offer a lighted taper at the abbey of St. Mary as an acknowledgment that this monastery did originally belong to the Cistercian order. 

AD 1238 this church was dedicated to St. Saviour. 
AD 1264 Friar John was appointed master of the order.
AD 1281 general chapters of the order were held here.
AD 1304 the church was consumed by an accidental fire.
AD 1308 John le Decer was mayor of Dublin in this year he was remarkably liberal to this monastery. On the sixth day in every week he entertained the friars of this house at his own table.
AD 1309 Richard Balbyn who had been some time minister of this order in Ireland, Philip de Slane, lecturer of the order, and Friar Hugh were appointed commissioners on the trial of the knights Templar. 
AD 1316 on the approach of Edward Bruce with his army the citizens of Dublin destroyed the church of this friary converting its materials to the building of the city walls towards the quay. The king Edward II commanded the mayor and citizens of Dublin to restore the church to its former state.
AD 1328 the lord Arnold Poer, who was accused of heresy, died this year in the castle of Dublin and lay a long time unburied in this monastery.
AD 1361 on St. Maur's day the steeple of this church was destroyed by a violent tempest. 

The last prior Patrick Hay surrendered to the royal commissioners and quitted the monastery. Sir Thomas Cusack was granted its possessions in the county of Meath consisting of one hundred and twenty acres with six messuages and again in the twentieth of Elizabeth the convent with divers properties in the city of Dublin was given to Gerald earl of Ormond forever in free soccage at the yearly rent of 20s Irish money. 

The friars of this house were eminent promoters of literature in those days and in the year 1421 established a school of philosophy and divinity on Usher's island on this occasion it was that they succeeded in erecting a bridge over the Liffey since known as the Old Bridge. The Dominicans of Dublin are now engaged in erecting a new and splendid monastery.

Monastery of St Francis (Walsh)

From Walsh's History of the Irish HierarchyWith the Monasteries of Each County, Biographical Notices of the Irish Saints, Prelates, and Religious, 1854, c. xliv p. 427.

Monastery of St Francis was erected in the year 1235, Ralph le Porter having given the site in that part of the city now called Francis street and King Henry III patronizing the building. 

AD 1293 King Edward I granted a pension of thirty five marcs yearly to the Franciscans of Dublin, Waterford, Cork, Limerick and Drogheda. 
AD 1308 John le Decer mayor of Dublin built a chapel in this monastery in honor of the Virgin Mary.
AD 1309 Roger de Heton, guardian of the order in Dublin, and Walter de Prendergast, lecturer of the same, were witnesses against the knights Templar. A provincial chapter was held in this year in the monastery of St Francis.
AD 1332 died their generous benefactor John le Decer and was interred in this monastery. 

In the twenty fourth of Henry VIII the convent with its appurtenances, four houses in Francis Street and six acres of meadow near Clondalkin, was granted to Thomas Stephens to be held in capite forever at the annual rent of 2s Irish. The Franciscans are again established in Dublin and have erected a splendid church on Merchant's Quay.

Priory of St John the Baptist (Walsh)

From Walsh's History of the Irish HierarchyWith the Monasteries of Each County, Biographical Notices of the Irish Saints, Prelates, and Religious, 1854, c. xliv p. 425-6

Priory of St John the Baptist was situated without the west gate of the city. Ailred le Palmer about the end of the twelfth century founded this hospital for the sick. John Comyn, the first English archbishop of Dublin, Leonard abbot of St Mary, Simon prior of St Thomas, and Duvenald prior of All Saints, were the witnesses of the act. The founder assumed the office of prior. 

AD 1216 Pope Innocent III granted to Henry the archbishop the patronage of this priory 
AD 1308 John Decer mayor of Dublin built the chapel of St Mary in this hospital 
AD 1322 John Walsh was prior 
AD 1323 John Onextiffe was prior 
AD 1331 Prior William was appointed lord chancellor of Ireland
AD 1542 a pension was granted to Sir Thomas Everard the late prior of fifteen pounds annually. 

In this house was an infirmary which contained fifty beds for the sick. The houses site and possessions together with the priory of St John the Baptist near Drogheda were granted to James Sedgrave, merchant of Dublin, at the yearly rent of 2s 6d, who advanced the sum of 107l 15s 8d to the plunderers.

In the 35th of King Henry VIII this religious house was granted to Maurice, earl of Thomond, at the fine of 14 18s 8d Irish and in the sixth of Edward VI it was granted with houses and lands &c to James Sedgrave forever at the annual rent of fifteen shillings.

Tuesday 19 January 2021

Abbey of St. Mary le Hogges, Dublin (Walsh)

From Walsh's History of the Irish Hierarchy: With the Monasteries of Each County, Biographical Notices of the Irish Saints, Prelates, and Religious, 1854, c. xliv, pps. 423:

Nunnery of St Mary de Hogges. In the year 1146, Dermot Mac Murchard, king of Leinster, founded this convent for Augustinian nuns in a village called Hogges, adjoining the east end of the city of Dublin. Gregory of Dublin and Malachy primate of Ireland were directors of the building and generous benefactors to it. In the year 1151 the royal founder subjected the cell of Kilclehin in the county of Kilkenny and that of Athaddy in Carlow to this house.

Oighe in the Irish language means a virgin and hence it is likely the village took its name from the nunnery. Into this convent no lady was admitted until she completed her thirtieth year of age. After the arrival of the English in Ireland a plot was formed by the natives against them and many of the English having repaired to this convent, the nuns secreted them. King John so pleased with their exemplary humanity, on coming to Ireland, rebuilt their nunnery and annexed thereto many chapels and livings. The lady abbess Matilda died the 20th of March the year of her decease is not recorded The lady Rossia was abbess. On her death license was granted, April 9th, 1277, to the nuns to proceed to an election. The lady Mary Guidon was the last abbess.

December 1st, sixth of King Edward VI, this abbey with its appurtenances was granted forever to James Sedgrave at the annual rent of eleven shillings and eight pence.

Sunday 18 October 2020

A History of St. Laurence O'Toole - Part 2

From Lanigan's An Ecclesiastical History of Ireland (1822, vol. iv, chapt. xxviii, p. 172ff.):

As soon as St Laurence was placed on the see of Dublin Dermot Mac Murrogh king of Leinster forced upon the monks of Glendaloch a certain person as their abbot in opposition to the reclamations and ancient privilege of the clergy and people who used to elect the abbot of that monastery. But he was afterwards put out and in his stead was appointed Thomas a nephew of the saint and an excellent and learned young man. (59)

Meanwhile St. Laurenee was busily employed in attending to the government of his diocese being particularly anxious for the regular and constant celebration of the Church offices. Not long after his accession he induced the Canons of Christ church who were until then Secular canons to become Canons Regular of the congregation of Aroasia (60) He himself took the habit of the order which he used to wear under his pontifical dress over a hair shirt and observed its rules as much as he could observing silence at the stated hours and almost always attending along with them at the midnight offices after which he often remained alone in the church praying and singing psalms until day light when he used to take a round in the church yard or cemetery chaunting the prayers for the faithful departed. Whenever it was in his power he ate with the Canons in the refectory practising however austerities which their rule did not require for he always abstained from flesh meat and on Fridays either took nothing at all or at most some bread and water. Yet occasionally he entertained rich and respectable persons treating them sumptuously while he contrived to touch the poorest sort of food and instead of wine to drink wine and water so much diluted that it had merely the colour of wine. And as to the poor there were no bounds to his charity. Among his other acts of beneficence he took care to see fed in his presence a certain number of them every day sometimes sixty or forty and never fewer than thirty. He delighted in retiring now and then to Glendaloch and used to spend some time even to the number of forty days in an adjoining cave famous for the memory of St. Coemhgen or Kevin in fasting praying and contemplation. (61)

Notes in Lanigan
(59) Vita S. S. cap. 16. The time at which Thomas became abbot of Glendaloch is not marked but Archdall at Glendaloch assigns it to AD 1162 This is a mistake as appears not only from the Life now referred to but likewise from the circumstance that in or about 1166 the abbot of Glendaloch was Benignus whose name is signed to the foundation charter granted at that time to the priory of All Saints near Dublin. See Harris Bishops p. 375. Benignus was undoubtedly the abbot forced upon the monks by king Dermot. It cannot be supposed that Thomas was abbot prior to Benignus for it is plain from said Life that Thomas held the abbacy for several years and consequently he must be placed after Benignus Archdall ib. has a strange statement relative to that abbey expressed in these words: "A. 1173 Earl Richard, King Edward's lieutenant in Ireland, granted to Thomas his clerk the abbey and parsonage of Glendaloch and the lands," &c. In the first place there was no King Edward at that time By Earl Richard. Archdall must have meant Strongbow but how will this agree with his telling us immediately after that the English adventurers plundered Glendaloch in 1176. Which shows that it did not belong to any Englishman at that period Dr. Ledwich quoting the Black book of Dublin gives (Antiq. p. 48) a more minute account of this pretended transaction. He says that in 1173 Richard Strongbow granted to Thomas, nephew of Laurence O Toole, the abbey and parsonage of Glendaloch and that the charter was signed by Eva, wife of Strongbow, and other witnesses. If the Black book contains what he states it contain a forgery Thomas the nephew &c did not get that abbey from Strongbow but as expressly mentioned in the above quoted Life loc. cit. from the clergy and people of Glendaloch. The Dr. himself tells us that one of the witnesses to that deed marked Luke, Archbishop of Dublin, whose incumbency began in 1228. He would fain change Luke into Laurence that is St. Laurence O Toole. But the truth is that this was a grant not of Richard Strongbow but of Richard de Burgo who was chief governor of Ireland in 1227 and 1228. See in Ware's and Harris's Antiq. the Table of the Chief Governors &c of Ireland. The feet is thus related by Archdall ib. "A. 1228 Earl Richard, King Henry III's Lieutenant in Ireland, granted to Thomas his clerk the abbey and parsonage of Glendaloch together with all its appurtenances kmds and dignities situate within and without the city in pure and perpetual alms." The deed is in Harris's MS Collectanea at AD. 1228 copied from the Black book of Dublin Lib. nig. Archiep. Dublin. foL. 92. the very leaf to which Ledwich refers/ It mentions the numerous lands, &c, &c, and privileges belonging to the abbey according as king Dermot had testified "sicut in verba veritatis Diennicius rex les tatus est." Richard is called simply Count without any addition indicating that he was the same as Strongbow. Thomas is called his beloved and spiritual clerk without the least hint that he was the nephew of Laurence O Toole. The names of the witnesses are Luke, Archbishop of Dublin, the countess Eva, Walter de Ridell, Meiler son of Henry and Nicholas a clerk. The Dr. makes Eva the same as the wife of Strongbow but there was another Eva her grand daughter and daughter of William Marshal, earl of Pembroke. I do not find in Harris any grant made in 1173 by Strongbow relative to Glendaloch. It is plain notwithstanding Archdall's mistake to which Ledwich added circumstances of his own that the grant to the clerk Thomas was by Richard de Burgo in 1228. In Strongbow's days the English were not in possession of Glendaloch.
(60) lb. cap. 11 The abbey of Aroasia in the diocese of Arras had been founded eighty years prior to these times Fleury l. 63 f. 25.
(61) cap. 12 down to 17.

Sunday 27 September 2020

A History of St. Laurence O'Toole - Part 1

From Lanigan's An Ecclesiastical History of Ireland (1822, vol. iv, chapt. xxviii, p. 172ff.):

The see of Dublin being now vacant several competitors started for it but the electors fixed their eyes upon the holy abbot of Glendaloch Laurence O'Toole who for a long time resisted their proposal and wishes but at length was forced to submit and was consecrated archbishop in the cathedral of Dublin by Gelasius the primate accompanied by many bishops. (44) This was in the year 1162 (45) The original name of this great and good man was Lorcan (46) and he was of the illustrious house of the O Tuathals being the youngest son of Muriartach O Tuathal prince of Imaly or Imaile in the now county of Wicklow. (47) His mother was of the equally great family of the Hy Brins now usually called Byrne. (48) Lorcan or Laurence remained with his parents until he was about ten years old when he was given as a hostage by his father to the king Diermit. (49) This wicked king bore a great hatred to Muriartach and sent the boy to a barren district where he was treated with great cruelty. His father on being apprized of it seized upon twelve of Diermit's soldiers and threatened to put them to death unless his son was restored to him Diermit alarmed at this menace and knowing that Muriartach's territory was impregnable and could defy all his power thought it adviseable to dismiss Laurence and sent him not to his father but to the bishop of Glendaloch under the condition of getting back his twelve soldiers. The good bishop kept Laurence with himself for 12 days placing him under the care of his chaplain who treated him very kindly and instructed him in the principles of the Christian doctrine Laurence who was at that time 12 years old then returned to his father's residence. (50)

After some days his father taking Laurence with him paid a visit to the bishop of Glendaloch and proposed to him to inquire by casting lots which of his sons he should dedicate to the ecclesiastical state. Laurence on hearing this is reported to have laughed and said Father there is no necessity for casting lots if you allow me I will embrace it with pleasure. The father smiled and the bishop and others present were rejoiced to find that a boy of such high lineage should offer himself for the service of the Church. His father then consenting with joy and taking him by the right hand offered him to God and St. Coemhgen the patron of Glendaloch recommending him to the care of the bishop for his instruction in learning and piety. Under his tuition and protection Laurence made great progress in the religious duties and acquirements necessary for a clergyman but after some years he lost this worthy friend and master who was carried off by death. (51) Yet he still persevered in his pious pursuits and continued to improve in virtue so that after some time he was when 25 years of age elected abbot of the monastery of Glendaloch which was distinct from the bishopric. (52) This abbey was very rich and it had been the custom to choose for its abbots men of the highest families who might be able to protect the adjacent country Laurence made the best possible use of the wealth of the monastery distributing it among crowds of distressed and poor persons who were afflicted by a dreadful famine that raged throughout all that district for four years. (53) He used to provide them by means of his monks with corn and other necessaries and his liberality was so extensive that at length the riches of the abbey not being sufficient for the wants of the poor he distributed among them a treasure which his father had left with him in deposit. He was however as great and holy men usually are reviled by certain false and envious brethren but who with all their malignity could not find any thing in his conduct deserving of reproach. By dint of prayers he cleared the country from some powerful robbers who were overtaken by the divine vengeance. Towards the end of the first four years of his administration tranquillity was restored and a very abundant harvest ensued yet Laurence still continued his largesses to the poor and set about building churches. About this time the then bishop of Glendaloch died and every one called out for Laurence as his successor. But he refused to accept of the appointment excusing himself on his not having as yet reached the age required for a bishop. (54) Some years after these occurrences Gregory archbishop of Dublin died and Laurence was as we have seen appointed his successor. (55)

In the same year 1162 Gelasius of Armagh held a synod at Clane in the now county of Kildare which was attended by 26 bishops many abbots and other clergymen. After enacting several decrees relative to Church discipline and morals it was ordered with the unanimous consent of the synod that for the future no one should be admitted a Fer leghinn that is a professor or teacher of theology in any church in Ireland unless he had previously studied for some time at Armagh. (56) When returned to his diocese Gelasius did not remain idle but immediately made a visitation of it exerting himself most strenuously to correct whatever abuses fell in his way. (57) To said year 1162 is assigned the death of Cathasac, a scholastic of Derry. (58)

Notes in Lanigan
(45) Four Masters ap. Tr. Th. p 309. Ware Archbishops of Dublin at Laurence O Toole
(46) Four Masters ib. Lorcan was latinized into Laurentius. In the quoted Life cap. 2 there is a ridiculous story about his having been called Laurentius from laurus laurel
(47) In said Life cap. 1 his father is called Muriartach O'Toheil and is made king of Leinster. This is a mistake for the O'Tuathal country was far from comprizing all that province. In Butler's Life of St. Laurence at 14 November the principality of Muriertach or Maurice is said to have been in the vicinity of Dublin But Imaile or as usually called the Glen of Imaile is several miles from Dublin lying to the SW of Glendaloch and stretching to near the town of Donard.
(48) The author of the Vit. S.L. says cap. 1 that the saint's mother was called Inian Ivrien that is as he adds daughter of a prince. But this is not the meaning of the words which ought to be translated daughter of Hy Brin or O'Brin from the Irish Ingean pronounced like Inian a daughter and Ivrien that is Hy Brin. It is strange that Harris did not see into this when quoting Archbishops of Dublin at Laurence 8 c. the passage of that author. In a note to the Life in Butler I find instead of Hy Brin or O Brin alias Byrne the name written O Brian. This is wrong for the O Brians were a quite distinct family being of the Dalcassian princes of Munster whereas the O Brins were originally a Leinster house supposed to be descended from the celebrated king Brandubh who was killed about the year 602.
(49) This Diermit is usually and I think justly supposed to have been the famous Dermod Mac Morough king of Leinster although Usher Syllog. Not. ad No. 48 makes him a different person. But I believe he was mistaken Mac Morough was king of Leinster at the time that St. Laurence was ten years old.
(50) Vit. S.L. cap. 3 The then bishop of Glendaloch was apparently the immediate predecessor of Gilla na Naomh Laignech who assisted at the council of Kells but his name is not known.
(51) ib. capp. 4, 5.
(52) In Butler's Life this matter is not stated correctly. In it we read Upon the death of the bishop of Glendaloch who was at the same time abbot of the monastery. Laurence though but 25 years old was chosen abbot and only shunned the episcopal dignity by alleging that the canons require in a bishop thirty years of age. Now in the first place there is no authority for saying that the bishop was also abbot of the monastery. What the Latin Life has is merely that there were in the church of Glendaloch both an episcopal see and an abbey but it does not state that any bishop possessed them both together. On the contrary it constantly represents them as quite distinct and informs us cap. 6 that the abbey was far more wealthy than the see. Nor had Butler any reason for supposing that it was upon the death of the bishop that Laurence was chosen abbot and probably a considerable time elapsed between said death and Laurence's promotion to the abbacy. Next comes a great mistake in Butler's imagining that the bishop after whose death Laurence shunned the episcopal dignity was the same as the one by whom he had been instructed and after whose death he became abbot as if the appointment to the abbacy and the offer of the bishopric had taken place at the same time Laurence was as will be soon seen abbot for four years before he refused to accept of the see that became vacant at the end of them by the death of the bishop who consequently was not the one who had been his master but his successor.
(53) I do not know why Butler has four months instead of four years for in Messingham's edition of the Latin Life four years are mentioned in cap. 6 and cap. 9 54 Vit. S.L. cap. 10 Laurence was then only 29 years old having been appointed abbot at the age of 25. That foul mouthed liar Ledwich gives Antiq. etc. p. 48 as the reason of Laurence not having accepted of the see of Glendaloch that his ambition aspired to an higher dignity the pall and the see of Dublin and he soon attained them. But he did not soon attain them for some years intervened before he became archbishop of Dublin. What idea could he have had at that time of his ever being chosen to govern the Danish city of Dublin he a Tuathal an O'Toole. It is as clear as day light that instead of having an eye to that situation he was forced to submit to it the proposal relative to it having come without his knowledge from the electors of Dublin. The fact is that Laurence did not wish to be a bishop at all. Many a conscientious man may agree to being made abbot but holy men do not aspire to bishoprics Harris was much more honest who says Archbishops of Dublin at Laurence that he could not have the opportunities of exerting his strong disposition to charity when bishop of Glendaloch as he had when abbot because the revenues of the bishopric were infinitely inferior to those of the abbacy. The bishop in whose stead it was proposed to appoint Laurence was I am sure Gilla na Naomh mentioned above Note 50. In what year he died I do not find but it must have been between 1152 and 1161 the year of the death of Gregory of Dublin.
(55) Butler is wrong in stating that St. Laurence was only thirty years of age about the time of Gregory's death. This cannot agree with the Latin life which states cap. 10 that a no short time "non breve tempus" elapsed between the time of Laurence's refusing the see of Glendaloch and that of the death of Gregory. Now Laurence was 29 years old when he made that refusal and in Butler's hypothesis only one year would have passed between it and said death. But surely so short a space would not have been called a "non breve tempus" or how could the author of said Life have said cap. 33 that he died full of days plemts dierum if he was only about thirty when he became archbishop of Dublin. For in this case he would not have outlived the age of fifty whereas his incumbency began in 1162 and he died in 1180. Accordingly Harris was right ib. in reckoning some years between his refusal of the see of Glendaloch and the death of Gregory.
(56) Thus the Life of Gelasius cap. 23 and the 4 Masters ap. Tr. Th. p. 309. But according to certain anonymous annals quoted by Harris (Bishops at Gelasius) the decree was, as he explains it, that they should have been fostered or else adopted by Armagh. As to fostered it means that they must have studied at Armagh conformably to the phrase alumnus which is used for a student in a university or college thus "ex c. alumnus universitatis Parisiens" signifies a student of the university of Paris. But the words adopted by Armagh indicate a class of persons who had not actually studied there but who should be approved of by to use a modern technical term the faculty of Armagh and authorized by it to teach theology publicly in the same manner as in our times degrees and diplomas are taken out at universities and in many of them are granted after previous examination to persons who had studied elsewhere. It is very probable that the decree of Clane did not require that all those who might afterwards be appointed public professors of theology should have actually studied at Armagh and that it was sufficient that on their capability being ascertained they had been approved of by the president and doctors of that distinguished school. It is difficult to think that while there were several other great schools in Ireland "ex c. Lismore Clonmacnois Clonard &c" persons of aspiring genius bent on improving themselves in theology would have been forced to repair from all parts of the island to Armagh to prosecute their studies there. It was a sufficiently high compliment to its school or university to grant it the exclusive privilege of approving of and authorizing persons to become public teachers. The decree understood in this manner was a very wise one inasmuch as it served to uphold uniformity of doctrine.
(57) Life &c. cap. 25
(58) Tr. Th. p. 632

Thursday 21 May 2020

Lusk Abbey (Walsh)

From Walsh's History of the Irish HierarchyWith the Monasteries of Each County, Biographical Notices of the Irish Saints, Prelates, and Religious, 1854, c. xliv p. 434-5

Lusk in the barony of Balruddery twelve miles north of Dublin 

AD 497 St. Culineus or Macculine was abbot and bishop of Lusk.  His feast is there observed on the 6th of September 

AD 498 died the bishop Cuynea MacCathmoa 

AD 616 died the bishop Petranus 

AD 695 died Cassan the learned scribe of Lusk. In this year a synod was held at Lusk/ St/ Adamnanus was present it was also attended by the principal prelates of the kingdom. There are extant certain decrees usually called the canons of Adamnan and which are chiefly relative to some meats improper for food together with a prohibition of eating such of them as contain blood. Colga, the son of Moenach, abbot of Lusk, attended the synod 

AD 734 died the abbot Conmaole MacColgan 

AD 781 died the abbot Conel or Colgan 

AD 825 the Danes destroyed and ravaged this abbey 

AD 835 died Ferbassach bishop of Lusk 

AD 854 the abbey and town were destroyed by fire 

AD 874 died the bishop Benacta 

AD 882 died the bishop Mutran 

AD 901 died Buadan, bishop of Lusk 

AD 906 died the bishop Colman 

AD 924 Tuathal MacOenagan, bishop of Duleeke and Lusk died 

AD 965 died the blessed Ailild, son of Moenach, bishop of Swords and Lusk

Many of the ancient monasteries having been totally demolished and wrecked by the Danes, the succession of bishops has been lost and those minor sees became merged in the greater bishoprics. Many of those ancient monasteries have not been rebuilt as persons desirous to embrace the monastic state could enter the establishments of canons regular as well as those of the Benedictine and Cistercian orders which were introduced by St. Malachy. 

The church of Lusk consists of two long aisles divided by seven arches adjoining the west end stands a handsome square steeple three angles of which are supported by round towers and, near to the fourth angle, is one of those ancient round towers so peculiar to Ireland. It is in good preservation and rises several feet above the battlements of the steeple. 

Nunnery. This house which was originally founded for nuns of the order of Aroasia was afterwards appropriated to the priory of All Saints, Dublin, and in the year 1190 it was translated to Grace Dieu by John, archbishop of Dublin. The walls said to have been those of this ancient nunnery are still to be seen at Lusk

Friday 13 March 2020

Kilmainham Priory (Walsh) EDIT

From Walsh's History of the Irish HierarchyWith the Monasteries of Each County, Biographical Notices of the Irish Saints, Prelates, and Religious, 1854, c. xliv p. 431-

Kilmainham adjoining the city of Dublin on the south side anciently called Kill Magnend. St. Magnendus was abbot of this monastery in the early part of the seventh century.  He is said to be the son of Aidus, prince of Orgiel, who died AD 606. The name of St. Magnend occurs in the Irish calendars at the 18th of December. 

Priory of Kilmainham under the invocation of St. John the Baptist was founded about the year 1174 for Knights Templar by Richard Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, or Strigul. King Henry II confirmed his act. Hugh de Cloghall was the first prior. 

AD 1205 Maurice de Prendergast was prior 

AD 1231 John de Callan was prior 

AD 1274 the prior William Fitz Roger was made a prisoner with several others by the Irish at Glendelory, when many of the friars were slain 

AD 1301 William de Rosse was prior. He was also lord deputy of Ireland. In 1302, William was chief justice 

AD 1307 Walter de Aqua was prior. In this year the Templars were everywhere seized. Gerald, fourth son of Maurice, lord of Kerry, was the last grand prior of that order in Ireland. In the space of one hundred and twenty six years during their institution to the time in which the order was suppressed, the Knights Templar were in possession of 16,000 lordships. Their lands and possessions of every kind were bestowed on the knights of St. John of Jerusalem by the Pope, the king confirming the grant. In England many of the knights Templar were committed to monasteries with a daily allowance to each of four pence and to the grand master of two shillings daily, the chaplains were allowed three pence daily and to their servants the sum of two pence were given and for this allowance they were to perform the former services they had before done for the Templars, while their lands were in their possession. It is probable that the same mode of treatment was adopted in Ireland by the ministers of the crown. 

This priory, which was granted to the knights of the order of St. John, became an hospital for the reception of guests and strangers, totally excluding the sick and infirm who had admission before this change. It became exempt from all ordinary jurisdiction. 

AD 1315 William de Ross was probably the first prior 

AD 1316 Roger Outlaw was prior 

AD 1321 Roger Outlaw the prior was lord chancellor of Ireland 

AD 1327 Roger continued prior and lord chancellor 

AD 1328 Roger was accused of heresy by Richard Ledred bishop of Ossory. On enquiry made he was honorably acquitted 

AD 1333 Roger was prior 

AD 1340 Roger was prior and chancellor.  He died this year, is recorded as an upright and prudent man who, by care and the especial favor and license of the king, had procured many lands churches and rents for his order 

AD 1340 John Marshall succeeded as prior 

AD 1341 John le Archer was prior and lord chancellor of Ireland 

AD 1349 John continued in his offices 

AD 1479 James Keating was prior. In consequence of maladministration, he was deprived by the grand master of Rhodes Peter Daubussen, who appointed Marmaduke Lomley, an Englishman of a noble family, to succeed. Having landed at Clontarf, a commandery of the order, Keatinge hastened thither with a body of armed men, took Lomley prisoner and detained him in close confinement until he had resigned all the instruments of his election and confirmation. Lomley protesting against the violence that was offered to his person. An account of those violent proceedings being forwarded to the king and to the grand master at Rhodes. Keating enraged at the sentence of excommunication which was pronounced against himself, expelled Lomley from the commandery of Kilsaran, which he had before assigned him, and threw him into prison, accusing the unfortunate Lomley as the cause of those troubles. The archbishop of Armagh strenuously but in vain strove to liberate him. Lomley died, as appears in an act of the tenth of Henry VII, of a broken heart. Keatinge was at length dislodged having kept forcible possession of the hospital until 1491 and ended his factious life, as is supposed, in the most abject poverty and contempt. Keating, having alienated the property of the hospital, it was enacted in 1494 that all persons who should have in their custody any of the holy cross jewel or ornament belonging to the priory, pledged by Keating, it should be restored to the present James Wall, who was directed to pay the money for which the relics were sold or pledged 

AD 1496 Sir Richard Talbot was prior, was displaced in the year by the grand master 

AD 1498 Robert Evers was prior removed in 1591 by the same 

AD 1535 Sir John Rawson the prior surrendered to the royal King Henry VIII. Sir John was created viscount of Clontarf, a pension of five hundred marcs from the estate of the hospital 

AD 1557 The prior of the hospital was, by authority of Cardinal the Pope's legate, whose mother the countess of Salisbury King Henry VIII sent to the block, restored to his former possessions, the Queen having confirmed the act under the great seal

Sir Oswald Massingberd was made prior who, on the accession of Queen Elizabeth, withdrew from the kingdom. The priory of Kilmainham, at the dissolution, was one of the most and elegant structures in the kingdom. By an inquisition the thirty-second of Henry VIII, the hospital had three gardens and an orchard within the walls, four towers erected on those walls, three other gardens and an orchard and two hundred and sixty acres of arable land. Parcels of its possessions were granted to the burgesses and commonalty of the town of Athenry in the county of Galway, another to Anthony Deering, the twentieth of Queen Elizabeth, to hold forever at the annual rent of 16s Irish money, and again in the thirty-sixth of that good Protestant queen, a grant was made to William Browne to hold to him and to his heirs forever in free soccage at the annual rent of 57 10s

Wednesday 5 February 2020

Swords Abbey (Walsh)

Swords Castle, County Dublin

From Walsh's History of the Irish Hierarchy, 1854, c. xliv p. 437:

Swords in the barony of Coolock six miles north of Dublin. By some attributed to St. Columbkille.

St. Finan surnamed the leper from his having been afflicted with some cutaneous disease during thirty years of his life governed the monastery of Swords and very probably was the founder. He was a native of Ely O Carrol then a part of Munster and was of an illustrious family. Two other monasteries are attributed to St. Finan, the celebrated monastery of Innisfallen, an island in the lake of Killarney, and that of Ardfinan in the county of Tipperary. Finan spent some time of his life apparently as abbot of Clonmore which had been founded by St. Maidoc of Ferns. The house of Swords was his principal residence and probably the place of his death. St. Finan died in the reign of Finachta, monarch of Ireland. The day of his death is marked in Irish and foreign martyrologies at the 16th of March. He is said to have been the disciple of St. Columbkille but, as his death is placed between the years 675 and 695, he could not have been the disciple of that saint who died in 597.

Swords is called Surdum Sancti Columbae, a name it may have received from its being of the order of St. Columba.

A.D. 965 died the bishop of Swords, Aillila son of Moenach. Here again we meet with bishops in the vicinity of Dublin both at Lusk and Swords.
A.D. 1012 the Danes reduced the town to ashes.  In 1016 renewed their ravages
A.D. 1025 died Marian Hua Cainen, bishop of Swords. He was surnamed 'the Wise.'
A.D. 1042 died the archdeacon of Swords Eochogan, a celebrated scholar and scribe of this monastery.
A.D. 1135 Connor O Melaghlin, king of Meath, sacked and wasted the towns of Swords and Lusk. He was slain in the expedition.
A.D. 1138 the reliques and churches were destroyed by fire.

Nunnery. In the fourteenth year of the reign of king Edward IV, A.D. 1474, there is an actual grant by Parliament of twenty shillings yearly from the crown revenue to Eleonora prioress of Swords and her successors. No more recorded of it.

Friday 12 July 2019

Palmerstown Priory (Walsh)

From Walsh's History of the Irish HierarchyWith the Monasteries of Each County, Biographical Notices of the Irish Saints, Prelates, and Religious, 1854, c. xliv p. 435

Palmerstown in the barony of Newcastle on the river Liffey and miles west of Dublin. Richard, prior of the house of St. Lawrence near Dublin sued Reginald de Barnevalle and his mother Joan for a freehold in Tyrnewer they held contrary to law. 

AD 1427 Henry VI granted the custody of the leper house near to John Waile to hold the same with all the messuages and tenements thereunto belonging at the yearly rent of three shillings so long as the same would continue in his the king's hands.

Saturday 26 January 2019

The Archiepiscopal See of Dublin (1823-)(Walsh)

Archbishop Murray of Dublin

From Walsh's History of the Irish Hierarchy, 1854, c. xvi, p. 133 ff:

Daniel Murray succeeded in 1823 was born on the 18th of April 1768 at Sheepwalk in the parish of Redcross and county of Wicklow. At the age of sixteen years he was sent to Salamanca where he studied for some years and on his return to Ireland was appointed curate in the parish of St Paul, Dublin, whence he was shortly afterwards removed to that of Arklow. There he remained until obliged by the outrages of 1798 to seek refuge in the metropolis. He became attached to St Andrew's parish and after a short interval was removed to St Mary's. In 1805 he was named prebendary of Wicklow and parish priest of Clontarf but the latter preferment he declined. In 1809 at the instance of Doctor Troy he was appointed archbishop of Hieropolis and coadjutor of Dublin and consecrated on the 30th of November in this year, the Archbishop Troy officiating as consecrator and the bishops Delany and Ryan as assistants. Having sojourned several months in the French capital in the year following he had the satisfaction of procuring an ordinance whereby the right of the archbishops and bishops of Ireland to exercise superintendence over the property belonging to Irish houses was recognised and in accordance with their wishes the Sieur Ferris administrator general was ordered to resign his functions and to deliver up to his successors the moneys deeds movables and effects belonging to the Irish colleges in France.

On the death of John Thomas Troy in 1823 Dr Murray succeeded to the see of Dublin and in 1825 was one of the prelates who drew up the pastoral instructions to the clergy and laity of Ireland, exhorting the former to the fulfillment of all their obligations the steadfast maintenance of an exemplary life as by it the pastor preaches more eloquently than in his sermons or exhortations; the vigilant administration of the holy sacraments as nothing can excuse from this all important duty, as nothing can exempt from it, not labor or fatigue nor watching nor hunger or thirst heat nor cold. In this important duty there is no just cause of delay. 

Zeal in promoting the honor and love of God but in order that zeal be efficient and productive of fruit it must be directed by prudence and charity, charity which is benign bears all, suffers all, vigilance in the instruction of children, because on their moral and religious education not only depends their own happiness but also that of the church and the state, labor for them in good and evil report to obtain it when it could be without a compromise of their precious faith or of that salutary discipline which surrounds and protects it as the walls and ramparts do the city. Turn away from them every insidious wile of the deceiver and while studying to have peace with all men forget not that you are the watchmen on the towers of the city of God to detect the ambuscades of her enemies. Engrave on the tender heart of the little ones the obedience they owe to God their parents their prince and to all in authority over them to inspire them with a horror of vice and a love of virtue.

Your door is the first at which the cry of distress or of misery is first heard. Let the poor find in you the sympathy of a father, the bowels of tenderness and of compassion. Remember, says this instruction, that an ecclesiastic, whether in the sanctuary or dwelling in the world, should appear a man of superior mind and of exalted virtue a man whose example can improve society whose manners irreproachable, can reflect honor on the church and add to the glory and splendor of religion, a man whose modesty should be apparent to all, as the apostle recommends, and who should be clothed with justice as the prophet expresses it.

What Dr Murray inculcated he did not forget to practice in his own life... 

During the episcopacy of Dr Murray was founded the College of All Hallows which is a prodigy of national faith and Catholic enterprise. It realizes the tendencies of the Irish people and shows what Ireland is ever ready to accomplish in the cause of religion reminding us at the same time what Catholic Ireland has done in ages long past in spreading the light of faith. Though fears were entertained of the feasibility of the project still Ireland has erected the college given it inmates provides them maintenance and will continue to maintain those groups of young and ardent missionaries who diverge with the winds of heaven to every point where salvation is to be brought to Israel/ With promptitude the archbishop of Dublin listened to the young ecclesiastic whose piety and zeal conceived the plan of founding this college for the foreign missions he applauded the design encouraged it by his patronage he recommended its cause to the protection of the prelates he saw its onward career with delight and the Almighty prolonged the life of the venerable Daniel Murray, who has been styled the De Sales of Ireland, to behold its triumphant success. When the ministers of England well acquainted with the unblemished life and high reputation of Dr Murray offered to confer upon him the distinguished post of privy councillor, the Archbishop of Dublin respectfully declined the honor proffered.

Wednesday 19 December 2018

Tallaght (Walsh)

From Walsh's History of the Irish HierarchyWith the Monasteries of Each County, Biographical Notices of the Irish Saints, Prelates, and Religious, 1854, c. xliv p. 437-8

Tallaght in the barony of Newcastle and five miles from Dublin. St. Maelruan, was abbot and bishop of Tallaght, is reckoned among the learned men of his age and probably was the first among the authors of the Martyrology of Tallaght. Among his disciples for several years was Aengus the great Hagiologist. St Maelruan died on the 7th of July, AD 788. Here another bishop resided within five miles of Dublin 

AD 824 Saint Aengus was abbot. This celebrated saint was of an illustrious family descended from the ancient princes of Dalaradia in Ulster. His father was Aengaven, son of Hoblen, hence Aengus is distinguished by that surname. He embraced the monastic state in the convent of Clonenagh under the holy abbot Moetlagen and made great progress in piety and learning. He was accustomed to spend a great part of the day in a lonesome spot not far distant from the monastery, called after him Diseart Aengus, where he was engaged in reading the Psalms and in constant prayer. 

His reputation for sanctity becoming very great.  He wished to withdraw to some place in which he would be unknown. Having heard of the strict and exemplary discipline with which St. Maelruan governed his monastery, he resolved to put himself under his instruction and guidance. When arrived at the monastery of Tallaght, Aengus concealed his name and his rank in the Church and requested to be received as a novice. It is said that he was employed seven years in the most laborious avocations, and his humility and the austerity of his life were so remarkable that he was called Celle Dhia, i.e., the servant or companion of God. 

At length his rank and acquirements were discovered by St. Maelruan in consequence of his having assisted one of the school boys of the monastery in preparing his task at which he had been either dull or negligent and who was afraid of being punished by St. Maelruan. The boy hid himself in the barn where Aengus was working and who taking compassion on the youth assisted him so well that he was enabled to recite his task to the satisfaction of his master. Surprised at the change of his pupil, Maelruan pressed him to tell how it came to pass and compelled him to relate the whole circumstance, although Aengus desired him to be silent on the matter. Maelruan, who had hitherto considered Aengus as an illiterate rustic, repaired to the barn and embracing him complained of having concealed his name and expressed his deep regret for the humble and abject manner with which he had been treated. Aengus prostrating himself at the feet of the holy abbot begged pardon for what he had done. 

Henceforth, he was regarded with the greatest consideration and it is probable that he remained at Tallaght until Maelrnan's death in 788. He must then have succeeded to the abbacy of Tallaght. He became afterwards the abbot of Clonenagh. He was also raised to the episcopal rank without leaving the monasteries which he governed. Aengus died on the 11th of March but in what year is not recorded and was buried at Clonenagh. 

Besides the martyrology of Tallaght, he composed another work on the saints of Ireland divided into five small books, the first containing the names of three hundred and forty five bishops, two hundred and ninety nine priests and abbots and seventy eight deacons, the second entitled the Homonymous or saints of the same name as Colman &c., the thirdm the book of sons and daughters, giving an account of holy persons born of the same parents, the fourth giving the maternal genealogy of about two hundred and ten Irish saints, and the fifth, a collection of litanies in which are invoked groups of saints among whom are included several foreigners who died in Ireland. In this litany he specifies the very places in which they are interred...

In addition to the evidence which this litany supplies of the ancient fame and sanctity of Ireland and of the esteem and veneration with which the natives of other countries regarded our isle as the asylum of piety and learning and hospitality, there are all over the country monumental inscriptions which evidently demonstrate the truth which the litany of Aengus unfolds. And, although Ireland converted myriads in the sister isle and afforded hospitality to her princes and to her ascetics, still England and England alone, and wherever she has planted the false tenets of her heretical doctrines, the name of Ireland and of Irishmen is despised. While, all over the continent of Europe, Ireland and her people are revered and respected. English, Roman, Italian, Gallic and even Egyptian saints seven in number are recounted in the litany of Aengus.

Another work of his a poetical one comprises the history of the Old Testament, which he put into the form of prayers and praises to God. 

AD 889 died St. Dichull. There was an abbot of Louth of this name of whom St. Patrick is said to have prophesied. 

AD 937 died Laidgene comorb of Ferns and Tamlacht. 

AD 964 died Cronmalius, professor of this abbey 

AD 1125 died Maelsuthumius another professor.